Tuesday, 25 April 2017

The BJP and the Nazis
The BJP has often been compared to the Nazis.
While it is true that there are some similarities, inasmuch as both were ( and are ) fascists, nevertheless there are some vital differences between the two.
The Nazis seized power in 1933 when Germany was already a highly industrialized country. So they used their technological might to aggressively grab country after country in Europe, first peacefully and then militarily, using the economic resources of each conquered country for further aggression, until they met their Waterloo at Stalingrad in 1942-43. But by 1945, when the Second World War ended, the Nazis were responsible for 50 million deaths, including 6 million Jews sent to gas chambers
On the other hand, India is a relatively backward country, only partially industrialized. Hence it does not have the technological strength to launch aggressive foreign wars. The fascism of BJP can therefore be a much weaker fascism than Hitler's.
BJP had come to power in 2014 on the slogan of 'vikas' i.e. development, due to which hundreds of millions, particularly the youth, voted for it, thinking that vikas meant that tens of millions of jobs will now be created.
But this slogan of vikas was a hoax, as Indians, who were taken for a ride and hoodwinked, have now realized.The Indian economy is stagnant , and jobs have become less ( 12 million youth are entering the Indian job market every year, while only 140, 000.jobs were created in 2016 in the organized sector of India's economy. )
India has massive poverty, child malnutrition, lack of healthcare and good education, etc.
All this is bound to lead to popular agitations against the govt. which will then blame the minorities for all problems, the way Hitler blamed the Jews. In other words, communal riots and communal incidents will be engineered through agent provocateurs, the 'beef' lynchings being latest examples. .
No doubt the Hindu majority will approve of this for some time, but this drama cannot go on forever. You can fool people for some time, but not all time. Ultimately even Hindus will realize that what is needed is jobs, healthcare, food, etc and not Ram Mandir or cow protection.
Then the day of reckoning for BJP will come in some way ( which cannot be presently predicted ).

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Indo-Pak delegation to meet Pak Consul General in Los Angeles
An Indo-Pak delegation to be led by me has got an appointment with the Pakistan Consul General in Los Angeles, California, USA on Monday, 24th April at 11 a.m.
In that meeting we shall be submitting to the Consul General a petition signed by a large number of people from several nationalities praying for clemency to Kulbhushan Jadhav, an Indian national who has been sentenced to death by the Pakistan army authorities.
We will request the Consul to forward the petition immediately to the Pakistan President and Prime Minister.
All those who wish to sign the petition online may contact Santosh Addagulla at his email id santosh.addagulla@gmail.com
Below is the petition I sent by email on 19.4.2017 to the Pakistan President and P.M.
1. His Excellency the President of Pakistan
2. His Excellency the Prime Minister of Pakistan
Your Excellencies,
I am writing to you to seek clemency for Kulbhushan Jadhav, an Indian national, who has been sentenced to death by a Pakistan Military Tribunal.
I do not know the facts of the case, so I will not comment on the merits.
I may, however, be permitted the liberty of referring to Portia's famous speech in Shakespeare's ' Merchant of Venice ' where she pleaded that justice should be tempered with mercy.
I may also quote a couplet of the celebrated Urdu poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz ( which I also quoted in my judgment in the Indian Supreme Court in Gopal Das vs. Union of India in which I pleaded for mercy to Gopal Das to the then Pakistan President & P. M. ) :
" Qafas udaas hai yaaron, saba se kuch to kaho
Kaheen to beher-e-khuda aaj zikr-e-yaar chale "
Yours respectfully
Justice Markandey Katju
former Judge, Supreme Court of India
Fremont, California, USA

Wednesday, 19 April 2017

1. His Excellency the President of Pakistan
2. His Excellency the Prime Minister of Pakistan
( to be forwarded by someone )
Your Excellencies,
I am writing to you to seek clemency for Kulbhushan Jadhav, an Indian national, who has been sentenced to death by a Pakistan Military Tribunal.
I do not know the facts of the case, so I will not comment on the merits.
I may, however, be permitted the liberty of referring to Portia's famous speech in Shakespeare's ' Merchant of Venice ' where she pleaded that justice should be tempered with mercy.
I may also quote a couplet of the celebrated Urdu poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz ( which I also quoted in my judgment in the Indian Supreme Court in Gopal Das vs. Union of India in which I pleaded for mercy to Gopal Das to the then Pakistan President & P. M. ) :
" Qafas udaas hai yaaron, saba se kuch to kaho
Kaheen to beher-e-khuda aaj zikr-e-yaar chale "
Yours respectfully
Justice Markandey Katju
former Judge, Supreme Court of India
Fremont, California, USA
Visiting Pakistan
I spoke on skype some time back with a Pakistani friend who lives in Lahore.
I said I was planning to come to Pakistan, a country ( or rather a part of India, since I refuse to recognize that historical British swindle called Partition ) which I have never visited before.
But I told him now I am scared seeing what happened to Mashal Khan recently. I am an atheist who believes all religions are superstitions. At the same time, I am a strong supporter of religious freedom, and support the Ahmediyas' right to believe what they want, as Mashal Khan did. So, I told him, I may meet the same fate as he did if I go to Pakistan..
My friend replied that I should not worry. He said what was done to Mashal Khan was done by Pathans, and Pathans are somewhat crazy people. He said he condemned what was done to Mashal Khan, and people in Lahore, where he lives, also condemn it.
On this assurance I will come to Pakistan, but only visit civilized places like Lahore and Karachi.
Hindus and Muslims must be made to fight
Hindus and Muslims
Get this firmly into your heads.
You will be made to fight with each other, though there is no natural enmity between you. It has been artificially created, and by cunning propaganda communal hatred has been injected into your minds by powerful vested interests.since a long time. 
Why was this done ? Because if you unite, no power on earth can prevent India ( which includes Pakistan and Bangladesh ) from emerging within 10 years or so as a highly developed, highly prosperous country, with all its citizens enjoying a high standard of living.
But if that happens, what will happen to the economies of the developed countries ? With your cheap labour you will be able to sell goods manufactured in India at one half, or perhaps even one third, the price of the goods manufactured by developed countries, because Indian labour is cheap, whereas labour of developed countries is expensive, and cost of labour is a big chunk of the total cost of production. Who, then, will buy goods made by the developed countries ?
So you must be made to fight with each other

Wednesday, 12 April 2017

Kulbhushan Jadhav
I have a hunch that the Pakistani authorities will hang Kulbhushan Jadhav.
The reason why I think so is that the Pakistan was created so that there should be hatred between Hindus and Muslims. If there is no hatred the very purpose of Partition and creating Pakistan will be lost.
So in my opinion the decision to hang Jadhav was taken by the Pakistan authorities after cool deliberation since hanging him is bound to considerably increase hatred of Muslims in India, and there may then soon be attacks on Muslims and mosques in many parts of India. These will of course be described as 'spontaneous' by the Indian Govt., just as attacks on Jews during 'Kristallnacht' in November 1938 in Germany were described as 'spontaneous' by the Nazis.
These attacks on Muslims and mosques in India will inevitably result in 'spontaneous' attacks on the small Hindu community in Pakistan ( and possibly even Bangladesh ) and on Hindu temples.
There will then be further 'spontaneous' attacks on Muslims and mosques in India, and retaliatory 'spontaneous' attacks on Hindus and their temples. in Pakistan.
Whether this sequence of events will at all happen, and if it does, how long will this see saw go on, and whether this heightened tension will escalate into a war between India and Pakistan, is yet to be seen.

Tuesday, 11 April 2017

Undeclared Emergency in Tamilnadu
An Emergency was declared under Article 352 of the Constitution by the President of India on recommendation of the then Indian Govt. in 1975, in which the fundamental rights like the freedom of speech guaranteed by Article 19(1)(a), freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms, Article 19(1)(b), etc were suspended, and a large number of people arrested.
A similar Emergency seems to have become the order of the day in the state of Tamilnadu, though it is an undeclared one.
Anyone wanting to protest peacefully and without arms regarding issues like the plight of Tamilnadu farmers, setting up of hydrocarbon projects, etc is immediately arrested by the police. I have received numerous facebook messages regarding this. One of such fb messages is reproduced below :
" Hello sir ... We r pretty much interested to start protest ... But as soon as v start protest , police directly arrest us and start to put some cases on us... Even when v try to get permission legally , police officials doesn't give permission for us ... V didn't even asked for hunger strike ... V have just requested for silent strike ... So what is the legal action I can do now ?."
Here is another fb message :
" Sir.. tn youngsters are crying. We can't see our farmers nude protest. We are ready to give our support to farmers. But we haven't permission for protest in chennai. No one help to us. Plz sir do something to us. We won't new india. We want only our agriculture. Plz help us sir plz "
And here is yet another :
" Dear Sir , Tamilnadu police is not allowing people to do protest for saving the farmers. They are not allowing if the people are protesting in peaceful way also .Please provide some suggestions for us in your page so that everyone will get some clarification . Thanks for your support "
And another :
" Dear sir I am normal village youth from deep down of Tamilnadu ... as you know the current situation of tamil farmers. we need a solution ... we need your guidance.. even though no media is ready to support them .. for the past 25 days they are protesting in the India's capital with skulls of suicides, but no one care for them... even TN government is busy with R.K nagar and Koovathoor resort.. and also they are arresting youths who wish to protest peacefully ... ஒரு கைவிடப்பட்ட தமிழ் விவசாயின் சார்பாக உங்கள் உதவியை நாடுகின்றேன் ... ஹிந்தி அறிய தமிழன் சார்பாக வேண்டுகின்றேன் ."

  Here is another fb message :
 " There is an unofficial 144 in whole tamilnadu. Wherever more than 4 peoples go together police starting enquiring and starting to threat us to go home. After some scolding they started to beat us. The situation is more severe than emergency in tamilnadu. The number of false cases are filed in the name of students."
I can quote many more messages which I received
Does Part III of the Indian Constitution ( the Fundamental Rights ) not apply in Tamilnadu ?
This facebook post may be treated as a letter petition and filed by someone as such before the Supreme Court or Madras High Court.

Monday, 10 April 2017

The Caste System In India
The caste system is one of the greatest social evils plaguing our country today. It is acting as a powerful social and political divisive force in our country at a time when it is absolutely essential for us to be united if we wish to face our nation’s challenges. It is a curse on our country which must be speedily eradicated if we wish to progress.
We may consider a few facts to realize how strongly caste is still entrenched in our society today.
Our politics is largely governed by caste vote banks. When the time comes for selecting candidates for the elections a study is made of the numerical caste distribution in a constituency, because voters in most areas vote on caste basis.
What to say of the illiterate people, even the so called intellectuals tend to operate on caste lines. Thus, in the elections to many bar associations the lawyers tend to vote for the candidates of their caste.
Many castes want to be declared as O.B.C.s or Scheduled Castes, to get the benefits of reservation. Even some O.B.C.s strive to be declared as M.B.C.s (most backward castes) or Scheduled Castes.
Fake caste certificates have become rampant, as is often witnessed in our law courts, to get jobs or admissions in educational institutions.
Marriages are still largely performed within one’s caste.
Violence often occurs between castes, as was noticed in the recent fight between students of different castes in a University in Chennai, while the policemen looked on as silent spectators.
Even Muslims, Christians and Sikhs often have castes, although their religions preach equality.
We can multiply these facts manifolds. Many books and articles have been written about the caste system in India, but a scientific study is still wanting. An attempt shall be made here to explain the origin, development and future of the caste system.
Origin of the Caste System
The origin of the caste system was in all probability racial. It is said that caste originated when a white race, the Aryans, coming from the North West, conquered the dark coloured races inhabiting India at that time, probably 5000 years ago or so.
Some persons deny that the Aryans came from outside India and assert that India was the original home of the Aryans (Aryavarta) from where a section of them migrated to Europe. It is difficult to accept this view because people migrate from uncomfortable areas to comfortable areas (see the article `Kalidas Ghalib Academy for Mutual Understanding’ inwww.kgfindia.com). Why should anyone migrate from a comfortable country like India which has level and fertile land ideal for agriculture to a place like Afghanistan or Russia which is cold, mountaneous and therefore uncomfortable. Indian history bears out the view that almost all invasions/immigrations were from outside India (mainly from the North West and to a lesser extent from the North East) into India.
The caste system is called `Varna Vyavastha’ and the word `Varna’ in Sanskrit literally means colour of the skin. This also points at the racial origin of the caste system. Fair skin colour is usually preferred to darker skin even today, as is evident from matrimonial advertisements. Even today, upper castes are usually ( though not invariably ) fairer than dalits.
Subsequent Development of the Caste System
While the origin of the caste system appears to be racial (as mentioned above) it subsequently developed an altogether different basis according to the needs of the feudal society in India. In other words, the caste system, though originating in race, subsequently developed into the feudal, occupational division of labour in society. This needs to be explained in some detail.
In theory there were only four castes, Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. This, however, was only a fiction. In reality there were (and still are) hundreds, if not thousands, of castes and sub-castes in India many of which do not fit into the 4 traditional castes mentioned above e.g. Yadavs, Kurmis, Jats, Kayasthas, Bhumihars, Gosains, etc. Every vocation became a caste. Thus, in North India badhai (carpenter) became a caste, and so did lohar (blacksmith), sonar (goldsmith), kumbhar (Potter), dhobi (washerman), nai (barber), darzi (tailor), kasai (butcher), mallah (fisherman), kewat (boatman), teli (oil presser), kahar (water carrier), gadadia (sheep herder), etc.
This was not something unique to India. For instance, in England even today there are many people with the surnames Taylor, Smith, Goldsmith, Baker, Butcher, Potter, Barber, Mason, Carpenter, Turner, Waterman, Shepherd, Gardener, Miller, etc., which indicates that the ancestors of these persons belonged to those professions.
In feudal society, apart from agriculture, there was development of handicraft industry. This happened in India too, and the caste system became the Indian variation of the feudal occupational division of labour in society, somewhat like the medieval European guild system.
As pointed out by Adam Smith in his book `The Wealth of Nations’, division of labour results in great progress. The caste system in India resulted in great development of the productive forces, and hence in the feudal age it was a progressive institution (as compared to the preceding slave society).
It is well known that before the coming of the British, India was one of the world’s most prosperous countries (at that time). India was exporting Dacca Muslin, Murshidabad silk, Kashmir shawls and carpets, ornaments, etc. apart from agricultural products like spices, indigo, etc. to the Middle East and even Europe. The discovery of Roman coins in several parts of South India show the great volume of trade from India, which shows the great development of the productive forces in feudal India. In fact India was once a super power with a 31.5% share in the global gross domestic production, which came down to 3% in the year 1991.
The Destruction of Handicraft Industry in India
It is estimated that before the coming of the British into India about 40% of the population of India was engaged in industry while the rest of the population was engaged in agriculture. This industry was no doubt handicraft industry, and not mill industry. Nevertheless, there was a very high level production of goods in India by these handicraft industries before the coming of the British, and many of these goods were exported often up to Europe, the Middle East, China, etc. e.g. Dacca Muslin, Murshidabad silk, and other kind of textiles, spices etc.
A rough and ready test of the level of the economic development of a country is to find out how much percentage of the population is engaged in industry, and how much in agriculture. The greater the percentage of population in industry and lesser in agriculture the more prosperous the country. Thus, the U.S.A., the most prosperous country in the world today has only about 2 or 3% of its population in agriculture, while the rest is in industry or services.
India was a relatively prosperous country before the coming of the British because a high percentage of the people (which could be up to 40%) was engaged at that time in industry (though no doubt this was handicraft industry, not mill industry). Thus, Lord Clive around 1757 (when the battle of Plassey was fought) described Murshidabad (which was then the capital of Bengal) as a city more prosperous than London, vide `Glimpses of World History’ by Jawaharlal Nehru (Third Impression p.416, chapter entitled `The Indian Artisan goes to the wall’).
When the British conquered India they introduced the products of their mill industry into India, and exorbitantly raised the export duties on the Indian handicraft products. Thereby they practically destroyed the handicraft industry in India. The result was that by the end of the British rule hardly 10% or even less of the population of India was still in the handicraft industry, and the rest of those who were earlier engaged in the handicraft industry were made unemployed. In this way about 30% of the population of India who were employed in handicraft industry became unemployed, and were driven to starvation, destitution, beggary or crime (the thugs and ‘criminal’ tribes were really these unemployed sections of society). As an English Governor General wrote in 1834, `the bones of the cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India’. At the end of the British rule, India, which was one of the most prosperous countries in the world, became one of the poorest, unable to feed itself, with industrial development stalled (as the British policy was to not permit industrialization of India), low life expectancy and very low literacy rate. As Angus Madison, the Cambridge University historian points out, India’s share of world income fell from 22.6% in 1700 to 3.8% in 1952.
In this connection it may be noted that in the revenue records in many states in our country one often finds recorded: ‘A son of B, caste lohar (smith), vocation agriculture’; or ‘C son of D, caste badhai (carpenter), vocation agriculture’, or ‘E son of F, caste kumhar (potter), vocation agriculture’, etc. This indicates that the ancestors of these persons were in those professions, but later they became unemployed (although ostensibly they were shown as agriculturists) as British mill industry destroyed their handicraft. Some people think that if the British had not come into India an indigenous mill industry would have developed in India, because the high development of handicraft industry leads to capital accumulation which is the pre-requisite for industrialization, and India would have become an Industrial State by the 19th Century, like North America or Europe, but it is not necessary to go into this here, as there is no use crying over spilt milk.
In England and other European countries, too, the handicrafts were destroyed by the mill products, but the handicraftsmen got employment in the mills, whereas in India the British policy was to prevent industrialization of India (see Rajni Palme Dutt’s `India Today’) with the result that the millions of handicraftsmen either starved or became beggars or criminals. The Thugs of India or the `criminal tribes’ were those former handicraftsmen who became unemployed.
Handicraft Industry and Mill Industry
In the feudal period there were no engineering colleges or technical institutes, and the only way to learn a craft was to sit with one’s father from childhood and learn the craft by seeing how he works, with some tips from him. Thus the father was not only doing the production work through his craft but also teaching the craft to his son.
This was totally unlike modern times where the teacher in an engineering college or technical institute is not a producer engaged in some industry. In other words, in modern times the vocation of a teacher is separated from the vocation of a producer, but there was no such separation in the feudal age.
In feudal times one had no choice of one’s profession, one had to follow his father’s profession, and thus the son of a carpenter (Badhai) became a carpenter, the son of a blacksmith (lohar) became a blacksmith, etc. In this way carpenter, blacksmith, potter, etc. all became castes. The same thing happened in Europe too in feudal times (as mentioned above).
Modern Mill Industry
In the modern industrial age the demand for skilled technical personnel is much larger than in the feudal age, because the demand of goods is much more (due to increase in population, etc.). Hence the traditional feudal method of teaching a craft, in which only a handful of persons, (usually the sons of the handicraftsman), were taught, no longer sufficed for modern society. Now technical institutes or engineering colleges have become necessary, where a large number of students are taught the technical skill. Obviously all these students could not be sons of the teacher. This destroyed the very basis of the caste system in which one had no choice in choosing one’s vocation and had to follow his father’s profession. The caste system, in which one’s vocation is chosen by one’s birth, is thus totally outmoded in the modern age.
Today a boy of the badhai (carpenter) caste comes from the rural areas in India to a city where he becomes an electrician or motor mechanic or takes up some other vocation. If he gets some education he becomes a clerk or even a doctor, lawyer, engineer or teacher. He does not usually follow his father’s profession, and this has largely destroyed the basis of the caste system economically.
The caste system is now being artificially propped up socially by some vested interests e.g. vote bank politics, but when the basis of an institution has been destroyed (by the advance of technology) how long can that institution survive? To my mind the caste system in India will not last for more than ten or twenty years from now (because its very basis has gone).
A modern mill no longer bothers about the caste of the worker it employs, it only sees his technical skills.
The caste system was a social institution corresponding to handicraft industry. Now that handicraft industry has largely been replaced by mill industry, the caste system has today become totally outmoded, and is hindering our progress. The sooner it is destroyed the better.
Was the Caste System Bad for India?
Many people think that the caste system did a lot of damage to India. This is undoubtedly true of modern times. But it must also be said that in the feudal age the caste system did good to India because it corresponded to the feudal occupational division of labour in society (as pointed out above), which resulted in the great development of the productive forces (at that time).
It is a myth that the Scheduled Castes of today were always treated with indignity. In fact upto the coming of British rule, these castes were usually in some handicraft vocation and were earning their livelihood from that vocation. It was only when the British mill industry destroyed their handicraft and they became unemployed that they began to be treated with indignity. An unemployed man becomes a poor man, and a poor man is not given respect in society.
For instance, the chamars were at one time a respectable caste because they earned their livelihood by doing leather work. It was only when Bata and other companies destroyed their handicraft (and thereby their livelihood) that they sank in the social ladder, so much so that today to call a person a chamar is often regarded as a word of insult (see the judgment of the Supreme Court in Swaran Singh & Ors. vs. State through Standing Counsel & Anr. [2008(8) SCC 435, JT 2008(9) SC 60]).
Similarly, other castes whose handicraft occupations were destroyed by the British mill industry also became unemployed and thereby fell in the social order.
How will the Caste System be Destroyed?
To my mind the caste system will be destroyed (and is in fact being destroyed) in India by (1) The advance of technology (2) The people’s struggles, and (3) Inter caste marriages.
As regards the advance of technology, it has already been pointed out above that in modern industrial society the division of labour cannot be on the basis of one’s birth but on the basis of technical skills. Hence industrialization destroys the caste system, and in fact the caste system has become weak in a State like West Bengal, which was partially industrialized before most other states.
As regards the people’s struggles, these are in fact going on everywhere in view of the harsh economic conditions in India (price rise, unemployment, etc.). People in India are realizing that united they stand and divided they fall, and caste is certainly a dividing force.
As regards inter caste marriages, I have stated in my judgment in Lata Singh vs. State of U.P. [2006(5) SCC 475, JT 2006(6) SC 173], that inter caste marriages are in the national interest and hence should be encouraged.

Sunday, 26 March 2017

Fascism is coming in India

History bears witness to the fact that when popular agitations, demonstrations and unrest rise above a certain level in a country, and the existing regimes feel threatened that they may be toppled by these, they crush all democratic freedoms and impose fascist rule. The fascist regime of Mussolini, and the demise of the Weimar Republic and advent of Nazi rule in Germany are glaring examples of this.

I believe that some kind of fascism is inevitably coming in India.in a year or two in which democracy, freedom of speech and of the press, and civil liberties will all be totally suppressed.in India.

Consider the facts :

1. The present Indian government came to power on high expectations with the slogan of ' vikas ' or development. This meant, or at least was perceived as, millions of jobs for the youth, industrial growth benefiting businessmen and others, and general prosperity for the public.

2. We are now three years since the new government came to power, but one can see no traces of vikas ( see my articles ' The Shape of Things to come ', ' Vikas ', 'Healthcare in India', ' Malnutrition in India ', 'Unemployment in India;, ' The Trickle Down Theory ', ' The Dream has evaporated ' etc on facebook and my blog justicekatju.blogspot.in ), but only stunts like Swatchata Abhiyaan, Ghar wapasi, Good Governance day, Yoga Day, Demonetization, etc. In these articles I have demonstrated that under the economic policies being pursued by this government ( the trickle down effect ) there is bound to be further economic recession and further unemployment, malnutrition, lack of healthcare, farmers' suicides and poverty, though a handful of big businessmen may benefit. Prices of many essential items like dal have already gone up the roof, and will in all likelihood shoot up higher.

1 crore youth are entering the job market in India every year, but in 2016 only 1.4 lac jobs were created in the organized sector of the Indian economy. Where do the remaining 98.6 lac go ? They become hawkers, street vendors, bouncers, stringers, criminals or suicides.

50% of Indian children are malnourished, and 58% children below 5 are anaemic. 

Proper healthcare is almost non existent for our masses, and so quackery is flourishing
Lacs of farmers have committed suicide in India, and Tamilnadu farmers are sitting in Jantar Mantar, Delhi with skulls of the suicides, but our leaders are hardly bothered.

3. Consequently this government will become increasingly unpopular day by day, as people, especially the youth, get disillusioned and realize that they were befooled and taken for a ride by our superman who promised a paradise and Shangri-La in India in the name of 'vikas' , but after his accession to power has left people in the lurch.

4. This disillusionment and disenchantment, coupled with the terrible economic hardships and distress the Indian people are facing, with rising prices, rising unemployment, widespread malnutrition, farmers suicides, etc, is bound to lead to widespread and massive popular agitations, disturbances, and turbulence all over the country

5. To deal with these, attempts will first be made, as they have already been made, to do stunts like the anti-Romeo drive in U.P. and to divide the people on communal lines, and blame minorities for the problems, as Jews were blamed by the Nazis. One may recall that fascist regimes came to power in Germany and Italy in the 1920s and 1930s because of massive unemployment and soaring inflation in those countries and the consequent popular agitations.

6. These steps, however, will prove ineffective after a short time as people realize that food and jobs are more important to them than building Ram Mandir in Ayodhya. Then harsh measures will be employed by the Government ( kadwi dawa ) to maintain its power, in other words, some kind of Emergency which we witnessed from 1975-1977, in which all civil liberties, freedom of speech and of the press, and all vestiges of democracy will be totally suppressed.

7. What form this fascist rule will take is difficult to predict, but to my mind fascism is inevitably coming in India

Sunday, 19 March 2017

The Reality of India


You have a population of 1.32 billion people, while France has about 66 million and U.K. has about 65 million. Thus your population is about 20 times larger than France or U.K. and perhaps your land area is also 20 times larger.

But France and U.K. are permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, while India is not. You have been begging for a permanent seat even without veto rights, but you have been rebuffed for even that. 
And you know why ? It is not because of the colour of your skin but because your country is poor. Nobody respects the poor. When China was a poor, semi colonial country, the Westerners called the Chinese a ' yellow race ' and looted and exploited it. Today China is a powerful, highly industrialized country, and now nobody dare call the Chinese ' yellow '.

And do you know why you are poor ? It is because most of you are mentally backward, full of casteism, communalism and unscientific thinking and mindsets.

Unless you destroy your backwardness you will never be able to emerge as a modern industrial giant, like China, for which you have all the potential, with your huge pool of engineers, technicians, scientists, etc and immense natural resources. Instead, you will be looked down upon and kicked around by the developed countries.

So when I am harsh in criticizing your backwardness, it is not to demoralize or denigrade you, but to make you aware of the true reality, so that you may start your struggle to make India a highly developed, highly industrialized prosperous nation in which all our people are getting decent lives, and a high standard of living

Muslims, get rid of these blood sucking leeches on your body

In view of the recent political developments in India, bad days seem to be ahead for Indian Muslims.
A large part of the blame for this must rest on most Muslim political leaders and most Maulanas/Muftis in India, who for their own vested interests have been, like leeches, sucking the blood of the innocent but gullible Muslim masses for a long time.

Consider just one example. In 1985 the Indian Supreme Court gave the Shahbano judgment that a Muslim man must give maintenance to his divorced wife. One would have expected every reasonable person to have supported this progressive, humanitarian judgment. In almost every country in the world a husband has to give maintenance to his divorced wife if she is unable to maintain herself. But no, almost all Maulanas and Muslim political leaders ( except perhaps Arif Mohd. Khan ) raised a hue and cry, and vehemently denounced the judgment as being in conflict with sharia law, and ultimately the Rajiv Gandhi Congress govt. got the judgment legislatively nullified, as he was told that otherwise Congress would lose the Muslim vote bank.

Take another example, the practice of triple talaq is clearly inhuman and retrograde, because by triple talaq a Sunni Muslim husband can simply throw out his wife ( with her children, if any ) for no rhyme or reason, and without going to Court. Yet the All India Muslim Personal Board, which includes many arch reactionary Maulanas and other like minded arch reactionaries, has in its affidavit before the Supreme Court strongly opposed its abolition.

In fact the entire sharia law is outdated, and needs to be abolished. After all, a law is usually a reflection of existing social customs in a society at a particular stage of its historical development, and so when society changes, the law too must change. How can a law made in the 7th or 8th century in Arabia be relevant or applicable in India in the 21st century ? It is like applying Manusmriti to Hindus today. And to say that if sharia is abolished Islam will be abolished is nonsense. Almost the entire old ( uncodified ) Hindu law was abolished in 1955 and 1956 by the Hindu Marriage Act, Hindu Succession Act, etc but Hinduism has not thereby been abolished.

In fact a uniform civil code would benefit Muslims by putting an end to the feudal, outdated sharia law, but the reactionary leeches, viz. most of the Indian Muslim political leaders and Maulanas will not permit this.

The practice of wearing burqa too must be banned, as it is a feudal, barbaric custom degrading to women, and it was banned in Turkey by the great Turkish leader Kemal Mustafa Ataturk in the 1920s.
It is now high time for Muslim society, particularly the Muslim youth, to get rid of these leeches, who for their own vested interests, have kept the Muslims backward and have been sucking their blood. Muslims should now demand abolition of sharia and burqa. Failure to do so now will only give a handle to the reactionaries among the majority Hindu community, and be disastrous for Indian Muslims. 
Indian Muslims, wake up before it is too late

Tuesday, 21 February 2017

U.P. elections and Mahabharat

The U.P. elections appear to me somewhat like the Mahabharat War.
In the Mahabharat War there appeared to be only two contestants, the Pandavas and the Kauravas, but there really was a third, Lord Krishna, who was fighting without fighting.
So also, in the U.P. elections there are three contestants, the Akhilesh-Congress alliance, the BJP and the BSP..
I have predicted that victory will go to Akhilesh, who is a Yadav, and therefore a descendant of Lord Krishna, with Arjun ( the Congress ) by his side.
Has not the Gita said that victory wlii go where : :
" Yatra Yogeshwarah Krishno, Yatra Partho dhanurdharah " ?
( see the last shloka of the Gita ).
As for the Kauravas, the Bheeshmas, the Dronacharyas, the Karnas, the Kripacharyas, the Ashwatthamas etc, along with the crafty plotters, like Shakuni Mama and Jayadrath, they will all bite the dust.
Jai Shri Krishna
Aqaayad waham hai, mazahab khyaal-e-khaam
Faith is but superstition, religion an inferior idea
Since the dawn of time, human imagination has been imprisoned by these falsehoods
By the Urdu poet Sahir Ludhianvi

Aqaayad waham hai mazahab khayal e khaam hai
by Sahir Ludhianvi

aqaayad vaham hai
mazahab khayaal-e-khaam
hai saaqi
Azal se zahan-e-insaan
bast-e-auham hai saaqi
Haqiqat-aashanai asl mein
gum-kardah-rahi hai
urus-e-agahi paravardah-
e-abaham hai saqi
Mubarak ho zaifi ko khirad
ki falsafadaani
Javaani beniyaz-e-ibrat-e-
anjam hai saaqi
Abhi tak raaste ki pech-o-
kham se dil dhadakata hai
mera zauq-e-talab shayad
abhi tak khaam hai saaqi
Wahaan bheja gaya hun
chaak karne pard-e-shab
jahaan har subah ki daaman
pe aks-e-shaam hai saaqi
Mere saaghar mein mai hai aur tere hathon mein barbat hai
Vatan ki sarzameen mein bhook se kohraam hai saaqi
Zamaana barsare paikar hai purhol sholon se
Tere lab par abhi tak naghma-e-Khayyam hai saaqi

Sowing the wind, and reaping the whirlwind

Pakistanis, your misguided and stupid forefathers sowed the seeds of Partition in 1947, and now you are reaping the whirlwind.
A suicide attack in a popular shrine in southern Pakistan has killed at least 72 people, police say. The bomber blew himself up among devotees in the shrine of Sufi saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in the town of Sehwan in Sindh province, police said
The real Islam of the Indian sub continent is Sufi Islam, and not Wahabi or Salafi Islam. The sufis taught compassion, tolerance and universal brotherhood ( including brotherhood with non Muslims ), not the bigotry of the Wahabis and Salafis.
In a country like India with such tremendous diversity, only Sufi Islam can be accepted here. Wahabism or Salafism has no place.
But once you create a theocratic state like Pakistan, Wahabism and Salafism were bound to grow and spread bigotry and terror.
The only remedy is reunification of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh under a secular govt. which does not tolerate religious bigotry and extremism, and crushes it with an iron hand

Some thoughts on the economy

Both Prof. Noam Chomsky and Prof. Richard Wolff of America are proponents of syndicalism, that is free self controlled workers cooperatives of the kind of the Mondragon Cooperative in Spain.

But the basic defect of such workers cooperatives is that they will only think of their own interest, rather than of the interest of the country as a whole, including the consumers.. Moreover, when a new capital intensive technology appears, they will be face...d with a serious dilemma. Accepting it may throw many workers, and therefore its own members, out of work. Not accepting it would mean that they may become uncompetitive, since other workers cooperatives doing the same kind of manufacture may accept it, and thus be able to reduce its cost of production by laying off some workers and thus saving labour costs. Also, it would impede the advance of technology..

The theory of workers cooperatives, in which the cooperative seeks profits for itself ( and therefore for its members ), suffers from the same defect which Adam Smith's theory of laissez faire suffers. It only replaces the individual industrialist by the cooperative. But the 'invisible hand' behind the cooperative would really mean that industries which are labour intensive gradually become more and more capital intensive ( with the advance of technology ) in search for more profits, by laying off many workers. However, in the process unemployment is generated, and therefore the market shrinks as less and less people have adequate purchasing power ( because the purchasing power of a worker laid off is drastically reduced ). How then will the goods manufactured be sold ?

A centralized system of production under a central government enables national planning, and thus a scientific and all round, coordinated progress on all fronts of the economy. Its aim is not just making profits, but raising the standard of living of the people.

The advocates of workers cooperatives are opponents of a centralized economy as they fear that a government running such an economy would become dictatorial and undemocratic. But that need not necessarily be so. If the government comes into the hands of genuinely patriotic, self sacrificing and modern minded people it would lead to rapid all round economic progress and giving a high standard of living to the citizens of such a country

Monday, 20 February 2017

My email to the Prime Minister

The Hon’ble Prime Minister of India
Shri. Narendra Modi...
New Delhi.

Dear Sir
Democratic Youth Federation of India , an All India youth organisation, requested me to send this appeal to you.
I am writing this letter in the context of the brutal murder of a Software professional, Ms.Rasila Raju OP, in the premises of Infosys company in Pune on 29th January. It is really worrying that atrocities against women are increasing even in the work places which were thought to be safe. The Hon’ble Supreme Court issued guidelines in Vishaka and others Vs State of Rajasthan (AIR 1997 SC 3011) about the safety of women at work place, but these do not seem to have been followed.
I appeal to your govt. to order an investigation by the CBI into this henious crime so that the perpetrators of the crime are given harsh punishment, and to ensure that such incidents are not repeated.
It is the duty of the Government to ensure that no woman in the country ends her life like Ms.Rasila Raju.
With Regards
Yours Faithfully
Justice Markendeya Katju
Former Judge Supreme Court of India
Copy to:
1.Shri. Rajnath Singh
Hon’ble Home Minister of India
2. The Home Secretrary
Govt.of India
3.The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
See More

All religions are superstitions

All religions are superstitions, the truth lies in science, which is not something final, but is constantly developing. There is no God, soul ( and therefore no transmigration of the soul ), angels, fairies, witches or any other supernatural entity. The only reality is matter ( or rather matter-energy, as Einstein demonstrated ) but matter is in motion, in accordance with certain laws, which can be discovered by scientific research.

Religion and science are poles apart. Religion says there is a thing called God, which is permanent and all powerful. The religious books e.g. the Vedas, the Quran, the Bible, etc are final, and cannot be changed. Science believes that nothing is permanent or final, but is changing according to certain laws, which can be discovered by scientific research. It is true that some scientists believed in God, but that is because for a long period scientific and unscientific ideas will co-exist as the scientific and unscientific outlooks struggle with each other.

But with every advance of science religion recedes. For example, at one time people in their ignorance believed that small pox is due to the wrath of a goddess ( mata ), but now we know it is due to a virus, which can be checked by vaccination. At one time people believed that drought is due to the wrath of the god Indra, who had to be propitiated, but now we know that rain is caused by build up of high pressure and low pressure areas, and drought is due to the non build up of these areas.

As for the question who created matter ( and the Universe ) the answer is : nobody created it. Matter came from matter, in other words, it always existed, but is in motion. If we presume everything must have a Creator, then logically that Creator, too, must have a Creator, i.e a Super Creator, and that Suoer Creator, too must have a Creator, i.e. a Super Super Creator, and so on. We are thus caught in the fallacy of the infinite regress.

Sunday, 19 February 2017

There is no construction without destruction
To those who suggest this or that reform in the legislature, judiciary or executive of India, my simple answer is this : any radical and sorely needed reform will meet such fierce resistance from the entrenched vested interests in India, who want no major change, that it will certainly fizzle out.
For instance, everyone knows of the inordinate delay in disposing of court cases, which often linger on for decades, but no radical step can be taken to remedy the situation, as the vested interests will stoutly resist it. Everyone knows that parliamentary democracy in India has largely degenerated into caste and communal vote bank politics, but no serious effort is made to change this.
I am reminded of the situation in France before the French Revolution of 1789. The most sorely needed reform then was in the taxation system then prevailing in France. Under it, the richest classes, the nobility and the church, which owned almost all the land in France, had to pay no tax, while the bulk of the burden of taxes fell on the peasantry, the poorest section of society. This was grossly inequitable, but every attempt to change this system and levy tax on the nobility and church was so fiercely resisted by these classes that it ended in fiasco.
With the French Govt. under heavy debt and without money to pay it, and the financial situation desparate as the govt. expenditure far exceeded the govt. revenue, Minister after Minister of King Louis 16th proposed a tax on the nobility and church to generate the funds needed---Turgot, Necker, Calonne---but each was hounded out of office by a cabal of powerful vested interests including the King's brothers ( the Dukes of Artois and Provence ), Queen Marie Antoinette, etc. The Assembly of Notables, consisting of nobles and bishops, was called by the King in 1787 to try to persuade these classes to accept taxation on them, but instead of consenting to it, they thought that by procrastinating they could wave away the move. Hence they passed on the buck by suggesting an Estates General, which was held in May 1789, and was the beginning of the French Revolution.
It was only when their manors began to be burnt by the peasants, and the Bastille was stormed on 14th July, 1789 with the beheading of its Governor and others, that 'wisdom' dawned on the nobles, who realizing that now their own necks were in danger, in a sudden act of 'generosity' gave up their feudal rights on the night of 4th August 1789. (That, of course, did not save their necks. )
So it is no use to talk of reforms in India any longer. What is now needed is a Revolution. There can be a building which can be repaired or renovated. There can be another building which is so dilapidated that no amount of repair or renovation will do, and it needs demolition and fresh construction. India today is like the second kind of building. Its system of governance has become so rotten that no amount of tinkering with it will do.
And there can be no construction without destruction

Thursday, 16 February 2017

The Indian Century
After China's betrayal of the underdeveloped countries, India, with its huge pool of engineers, technicians, scientists, etc, immense natural resources and large territory has potentially assumed their leadership. We are therefore going to play the most crucial role among all nations in world history in the 21st century, which will be characterized as the century in which the underdeveloped countries struggle to become developed, thus ensuring a high standard of living and decent lives to all their peoples.
But the whole developed world ( including China ) seems to have ganged up against India . This is because with our cheap and huge labour force and industrial base we can undersell the developed countries.
As I have pointed out earlier, cost of labour is a big chunk of the total cost of production, and if the cost of labour is less, the cost of production is less, and then one can sell at a cheaper price. Who then will buy the expensive products of the developed countries ?
Countries with cheap labour thus have a distinct advantage over countries with costlier labour, provided they have an industrial base. India is the most developed of the underdeveloped countries, and is huge. We have also an industrial base today, which we did not have in 1947. We are therefore in a perfect position to become a developed nation, and thus ensure to our people good lives.
But for that we face a long, arduous struggle ahead, as the developed countries will do their level best to ensure that we do not succeed in obtaining our national objective. And for that we must unite and stop fighting among ourselves on the basis of caste, religion, region, language etc
This century is going to be the Indian century
A Govt. which will be run from jail
Before going to jail, Sasikala readmitted her nephew Dinakaran, who had been expelled by Jayalalitha, into the ADMK and appointed him Dy. General Secretary of the party ( she herself will, of course, remain the General Secretary ), and now it seems her stooge Palaniswami will be your next Chief Minister
So Tamizhans, congratulations ! You will now have the distinction of having a. government for the next 4 years being run behind the scenes by a convict found guilty by the Court of gross corruption. Palaniswami will faithfully carry out her orders from jail.
But dont worry, Tamizhans. The precedent for that has already been set by another state which has stolen a march over you

Monday, 13 February 2017

Some thoughts on Economics for India
While thinking about what to say in my speech in the forthcoming function at NIT, Tiruchirapalli on 17th February some thoughts occurred to me, which I am noting down :
The English economist Adam Smith in his classic book ' The Wealth of Nations ' published in 1776 advocated open markets, and relatively barrier free domestic and international trade. In other words, Smith was against not only constraints on domestic industry, but also against protectionist policies against international competition.
In contrast, the German economist Friedrich List in his book 'The National System of Political Economy ' published in 1841 said that international free trade would result in subjection of the less advanced nations by the predominant manufacturing and commercial nations. He advocated protection to domestic industries by less industrialized nations ( by customs duties )..
It may be mentioned that England was the first country in the world to industrialize. German industrialization began later, and at that time German industries were small compared to British industries, so they needed state protection to face the competition of British industries, otherwise German industries could not survive. This protection, List argued, should be in the form of customs duties on British goods.
A giant can fight another giant. But a child cannot fight a giant. So a child must be protected and nurtured until it, too, becomes a giant.
List pointed out that when Britain was doing its own industrialization, it was done under heavy protection to its industries. But when it had broadly completed its industrialization, Britishers were preaching free trade to other nations.
List wrote " Had the English left everything to itself—'Laissez faire, laissez aller', as the popular economical school ( i.e. Adam Smith's schl ) recommends—the German merchants of the Steelyard would be still carrying on their trade in London, the Belgians would be still manufacturing cloth for the English, and England would have still continued to be the sheep-farm of the Hansards. Indeed, it is more than probable that without her highly protectionist commercial policy England would never have attained to such a large measure of municipal and individual freedom as she now possesses, for such freedom is the daughter of industry and wealth ".
The German authorities followed List's recommendations, with the result that Germany could rapidly industrialize. Japan, too, did the same, and so did USA
Since India is less industrialized as compared to developed countries, in my opinion India too must follow List's theory. Our industries need protection if they are to grow. For instance, Chinese goods are capturing our markets, and in my opinion heavy customs duties should be imposed on them, or their entry into India should be prohibited altogether.
This does not mean I am in favour of restoration of the licence-permit raj which had strangled our economy for decades. I am against most of internal restraints, and am only referring to free entry of foreign goods into India, to give protection to our own industries.
At the same time, special help by the state should be given to our new industries and new entrepreneurs so that they can tide over the difficulties which all new entrants face. In particular, special help and concessions should be given to small and middle level industries, as these have few reserves and financial back up. Youth starting as entrepreneurs should be given special help, e.g. in the form of loans at low interest, free technical advice, tax holidays for long periods, etc.
Most of the nations which are today industrialized did their industialization under governments which were friendly to their domestic industry and helped promote it. India too should do the same.

Sunday, 12 February 2017

Why I don't have faith in parliamentary democracy
Under the Indian Constitution we have adopted the British system of parliamentary democracy. I don't have faith in it, and in my opinion it is unsuitable to India, and so deserves to be scrapped.
Parliamentary democracy relies on the vote of the majority. But the majority is usually stupid, guided by emotions, prejudices and conservative thinking rather than by reason and scientific thinking.
Let me give an example. When Copernicus ( 1473-1543 ) said that the earth goes around the sun ( heliocentrism ), rather than the sun around the earth ( geocentrism ), most people believed in the Biblical and Ptolemaic view that the sun goes around the earth, and visual observation of the movement of the sun from dawn to dusk also seemed to support this view. We see the sun arising from the east, moving gradually until noon when it is overhead, and then gradually going down until it sets in the west. But Copernicus went deeper than the mere visual impression and reasoned that the same phenomenon ( sun arising from the east and setting in the west ) could be caused by the earth rotating on its axis.
Now this capacity to go deeper is a trait of genuine intellectuals, but not shared by common men who are satisfied with the superficial. In fact Copernicus' theory was dangerous, because it went against the Bible, and in those days speaking against the Bible was a crime, often of a capital nature. Galileo ( 1564-1642 ), who supported Copernicus' theory narrowly escaped being burnt at the stake during the Inquisition ( by recanting his view ).
So the minority is often right and the majority, who are usually conservative by nature and with backward, feudal mindsets, often wrong.
In India the majority of people are casteist, communal and superstitious. If we go by their views no progress is possible.
Today India requires scientific thinking to abolish poverty, unemployment, lack of healthcare and good education, etc. But our politics under the present parliamentary system of democracy is largely based on caste and communal vote banks. When most people go to vote in elections they do not see the merit of the candidate, i.e. whether he is a good man or bad man, educated or uneducated, etc but only his caste or the party representing a caste or religion. That is why there are so many people with criminal backgrounds in our legislatures. Most of our present politicians are utterly selfish and unpatriotic, with no genuine love for the people, but they are experts in manipulating vote banks and polarizing the people on caste and communal lines.
Casteism and communalism are feudal forces, while the national interest requires destruction of feudal forces. How then can our country progress under the present system ?
Therefore we must have a new system in which the leadership of the country comes in the hands of genuinely scientific, rational and patriotic thinkers whose only concern is welfare of the people, and not self aggrandizement.. This is not possible under a system based on majority vote of people with a backward, feudal mindset..

Saturday, 11 February 2017

Arvind Kejriwal has nothing in his head
Arvind Kejriwal is not an intellectual. He wrote a book called 'Swaraj' in which he wrote that we should devolve power to the village and mohalla panchayats. But anyone having an understanding of social realities knows that most of the village panchayats are centres of casteism and corruption, and usually they are under control of big landholders or money lenders. Many of the village pradhans have grabbed the gram sabha land which was ...meant for the common use of all villagers.So how can handing power to village or mohalla panchayats solve the country's massive problems of poverty, unemployment, child malnutrition, healthcare, etc.? Kejriwal may be an I.I.T. graduate, but he has no idea how to solve the massive problems facing the country.. However, he has become as cunning, crafty and calculating as other politicians

Friday, 10 February 2017

Understanding World Developments
1. In modern times the planet earth has in fact not one world but two, the world of the developed or industrialized countries ( North America, Europe, Russia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and now also China ), and the world of the underdeveloped countries ( India being the most developed of the underdeveloped countries )..
2. The iron unwritten and undeclared rule imposed by the developed countries has been that UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES MUST NOT BE ALLOWED TO BECOME DEVELOPED.
3. Why was this rule imposed ? It was imposed because if underdeveloped countries become developed the industries of the underdeveloped countries with their cheap labour, which is much cheaper than the cost of labour in the developed countries, would undersell the industries of the developed countries and thereby eliminate them by competition in the international market. Cost of labour is a big chunk of the total cost of production, and so if cost of labour is less the total cost of production is less, and one can then sell one's products at a substantially lower price, and thus undersell the industries of the developed countries, where labour is expensive.
4. However, in their search for super profits the developed countries set up some industries in the underdeveloped countries because labour was cheaper there. This was especially the case initially of industries requiring a huge amount of unskilled labour, which was available in abundance in the underdeveloped countries at a very cheap price. Thus, the British rulers set up many light industries like textile industries in India in which a lot of unskilled labour is required. Later, even many jobs requiring skilled labour, e.g. in the I.T. sector were outsourced to underdeveloped countries because labour costs were substantially lower there, and so profits could be greater.
5. After the Second World War this order was broadly imposed by the developed countries, but now it is coming apart, and the world is heading to a period of great historical convulsions, conflicts and chaos.
6. As mentioned above, the developed countries had themselves done a certain degree of industrialization in the underdeveloped countries in their search for super profits. But once the process of industrialization starts it picks up its own momentum and goes ahead. For instance, after Independence of India in 1947 a certain amount of heavy industries, e.g. iron and steel industries, were set up in India, as well as other industries. Today almost every country in the world has a certain level of industrialization.
7. The above process has contributed to the recession in the developed countries, because many of the goods which were earlier manufactured in the developed countries and sold in the underdeveloped ones are now being manufactured in the underdeveloped countries. Consequently the market for the industries of the developed countries has shrunk.
8. Unemployment is growing in the developed countries because (a) industries are becoming more and more capital intensive and automated rather than labour intensive, to reduce the number of workers and thus save labour costs (b) plants are being set up by companies of the developed countries in the underdeveloped countries rather than in their own countries, and jobs are being outsourced to underdeveloped countries, to save labour costs.(c) skilled personnel, e.g. I.I.T. graduates of India are picked up by companies in the developed countries and brought to the developed country as the cost of education in the underdeveloped country is much lesser than the cost of education in the developed country. So jobs are going to these foreigners rather than to youth of the developed country.
9. No doubt this outsourcing of jobs, setting up plants in underdeveloped countries and employing foreigners, has resulted in huge profits for the multinational corporations of the developed countries. But it has also resulted in growing unemployment in the developed countries, and consequential social unrest 
10. Upto the Second World War there was a historical period of extreme nationalism, but after the War there was a period of internationalism, as the multinational corporations in their search for profits crashed through national borders. The European Union was created.
11. But now with the worldwide recession, which has been going on in the developed countries for a long time with no likelihood of a recovery, and the growing unemployment in the developed countries, we are witnessing a return to extreme nationalism, whose indications are Brexit and Trump's victory.
12. There is now likely to be a resurgence of protectionism and right wing politics, and consequential great turmoil and disorder
13. At the same time, people in underdeveloped countries like India are struggling to make their countries fully developed, because large scale industrialization alone will rid them of poverty, unemployment and other social evils.
14. But will the developed countries permit this ? If the underdeveloped countries become developed, then with their cheap labour their industries will undersell the industries of the developed countries.
15. A historical clash of the two worlds thus seems inevitable in the future

Thursday, 9 February 2017

On Patriotism
" Kabira khada bazaar main liye lukhati haath,
Jo ghar phoonke apna, chale hamare saath "
Literally this doha ( couplet ) of the great poet Kabir means
" Kabir stands in the market, flaming torch in hand.
Whoever burns down his house should come with me "
But that is only the figurative meaning. Its real meaning is :
" Whoever stands with the people, with patriotism in his heart
Should forget his self interest, and follow me "
Human beings have two basic attributes, reason and emotion. Of the two great ideological builders of modern Europe, Voltaire and Rousseau, the former emphasized reason and the latter emphasized emotion. Not that Voltaire did not have emotion or that Rousseau did not have reason. But the whole point is about the emphasis. Voltaire certainly had empathy for the suffering people, but he emphasized on rationalism, and was a fierce critic of religious bigotry. Rousseau, on the other hand, emphasized on compassion ( like the Sufis ) and attacked the whole feudal system, which was the basic cause of suffering.
The English political philosopher Hobbes in his ' Leviathan' had written that men are wicked by nature, caring only for their self interest. Rousseau disagrees, and says that apart from self interest, men also have the attribute of compassion for the suffering of his fellow humans
Thus, in his treatise ' Discourse on the Origins of Inequality ', written in 1754, he writes :
" Mandeville well knew that, in spite of all their morality, men would have never been better than monsters, had not nature bestowed on them a sense of compassion, to aid their reason: but he did not see that from this quality alone flow all those social virtues, of which he denied man the possession. But what is generosity, clemency or humanity but compassion applied to the weak, to the guilty, or to mankind in general? Were it even true that pity is no more than a feeling, which puts us in the place of the sufferer, a feeling, obscure yet lively in a savage, developed yet feeble in civilised man; this truth would have no other consequence than to confirm my argument. Compassion must, in fact, be the stronger, the more the animal beholding any kind of distress identifies himself with the animal that suffers.
It is philosophy ( i.e. self interest ) that isolates man, and bids him say, at sight of the misfortunes of others: "Perish if you will, I am secure." Nothing but such general evils as threaten the whole community can disturb the tranquil sleep of the philosopher, or tear him from his bed. A murder may with impunity be committed under his window; he has only to put his hands to his ears and argue a little with himself, to prevent nature, which is shocked within him, from identifying itself with the unfortunate sufferer. Uncivilised man has not this admirable talent; and for want of reason and wisdom, is always foolishly ready to obey the first promptings of humanity. It is the populace that flocks together at riots and street-brawls, while the wise man prudently makes off. It is the mob and the market-women, who part the combatants, and hinder gentle-folks from cutting one another's throats.
It is then certain that compassion is a natural feeling, which, by moderating the violence of love of self in each individual, contributes to the preservation of the whole species. It is this compassion that hurries us without reflection to the relief of those who are in distress: it is this which in a state of nature supplies the place of laws, morals and virtues, with the advantage that none are tempted to disobey its gentle voice: it is this which will always prevent a sturdy savage from robbing a weak child or a feeble old man of the sustenance they may have with pain and difficulty acquired, if he sees a possibility of providing for himself by other means: it is this which inculcates that sublime maxim of rational justice. Do to others as you would have them do unto you.
In a word, it is rather in this natural feeling than in any subtle arguments that we must look for the cause of that repugnance, which every man would experience in doing evil, even independently of the maxims of education. Although it might belong to Socrates and other minds of the like craft to acquire virtue by reason, the human race would long since have ceased to be, had its preservation depended only on the reasonings of the individuals composing it."
Patriotism is compassion for the whole nation. A genuine patriot forgets his self interest, and fights for the upliftment of his nation, and for the end of suffering of his fellow countrymen.
History is full of examples of patriots. Cincinnatus was a farmer, but when Rome was in danger he left his farm, took command of the Roman army, defeated the enemies of Rome, and then retired to his farm and obscurity. George Washington was a rich farmer in Virginia, but when the American colonies rose in rebellion against British rule, he took command of the Continental Army, defeated the British forces, and then handed back the sword of his command to the American Continental Congress, retiring to his farm.
In India, Bhagat Singh, Surya Sen ( Masterda ), Chandrashekhar Azad, Bismil, Ashfaqulla, Rajguru, Khudiram Bose, etc gave their lives for liberating India from British rule. Countless other such examples can be given. These men never bothered about their self interest, but had the flame of patriotism in their hearts, and they were guided by Kabir's doha, although they may have never heard of his name.
Today India needs genuine patriots to overcome the huge challenges it faces.
But unfortunately I am disappointed in most of our educated youth, in whose breasts the flame of patriotism should be burning. Most of them are selfish and careerists, whose only desire is to get cushy jobs and make money, and care two hoots for the country. How then will India arise ?