Saturday, 29 August 2015

 I received a lot of rakhis today from my sisters and cousin sisters.
 But the most treasured one was from a Muslim lady who regards me as her brother.
 When I was a lawyer in Allahabad High Court among my close friends was Afsar Ali, advocate in the High Court. He was elder to me by a few years. He had married late in life, and had 4 small children ( 3 daughters and a son )..
 Every year on Eid he would invite a group of 4 or 5 friends to his house in Daryabad for dinner. He was a conservative Muslim, and we never saw his wife as long as he was alive, as she was in purdah. But she used to prepare delicious non vegetarian dishes for us.
 I became a Judge of the High Court in 1991, and a couple of years after that Afsar Ali died. His widow sent me a message that she wanted to meet me, and I requested her to come to my residence. There she told me that her brothers in Rampur had asked her to come there with her children, and live there.
 I told her that she should not shift to Rampur, as after some time she would not be welcome there. I said that she had her home in Allahabad, and she should remain here, and I would get her a job in the Allahabad High Court, so that she may be able to have an income to feed her children. However, I told her that she must give up her purdah now, as she would have to fight it out in the outside world, from which she had been till now largely isolated.
 Accordingly i got her appointed on a class 3 ( clerical ) post, and I told the Registrar General to post her in the High Court library, where the work was lighter, and she could go home early. This enabled her to support her family, which she did
 All this happened over 20 years ago, but every year since then on rakshabandhan day she has been regularly sending me rakhi, and also coming personally to tie it on my hands whenever she could. The written message to me every year ( with the rakhi ) says '' Apne bhai ka farz nibhaya ''
 Now all her 4 children are grown up and well settled. She has several grandchildren.
 Today she came all the way from Allahabad to tie rakhi personally on my hand.
 She told me that she has now become a bench secretary in the High Court, and earns over 50,000 rupees a month
This was Chanakya' advice to Emperor Chandragupta. The Govt. of India should think about this carefully in relation to the demand of OROP

 “Pataliputra reposes each night in peaceful comfort, O King, secure in the belief that the distant borders of Magadha are inviolate and the interiors are safe and secure, thanks only to the Mauryan Army standing vigil with naked swords and eyes peeled for action, day and night, in weather fair and foul, all eight praharas (i.e.round the clock), quite unmindful of personal discomfort and hardship, all through the year, year after year.

            “While the citizenry of the State contributes to see that the State prospers and flourishes, the soldier guarantees it continues to EXIST as a State! To this man, O Rajadhiraja, you owe a debt: please, therefore, see to it, on your own, that the soldier continuously gets his dues in every form and respect, be they his needs or his wants, for he is not likely to ask for them himself.”

            Then Kautilya, known also as Chanakya gave his king this blunt warning: “The day the soldier has to demand his dues will be a sad day for Magadha for then, on that day, you will have lost all moral sanction to be King!”
Almost all Muslim rulers in India were secular. This they were in their own interest, for the vast majority of their subjects were Hindus. So if they persecuted Hindus there would be revolts and turbulences regularly, which no ruler wants.

Thus, the Mughals, Nawabs of Avadh and Murshidabad, Tipu Sultan, Nizam of Hyderabad etc were almost all thoroughly secular. For instance, the Nawabs of Avadh used to celebrate Holi, Dussehra and Diwali, organize Ramlilas, etc and give respect to all religions. Tipu Sultan used to give annual grants to 156 Hindu temples ( see online ''History in the Service of Imperialism by B.N. Pande'' ).

Akbar used to hold discussions with people of all religions, and give them respect (see my judgment in Hinsa Virodhak Sangh vs.Mirzapur Moti Koresh Jamaat online and 'Akbarnama').He propounded and practised the policy of Suleh-e-Kul, i.e. Universal Toleration of all religions ( at a time when Europeans were massacring each other in the name of religion ). His son Jehangir used to regularly meet the Hindu sadhu Jadrup, and hold discussions with him ( see 'Jehangirnama').
The controversy is about Aurangzeb. I discussed about him with many Professors of history in Aligarh Muslim University and Allahabad University. Strangely enough, The Professors of AMU with whom I discussed Aurangzeb, and who are Muslims, regard Aurangzeb as communal, while the Professors of Allahabad University, who are Hindus, regard him as secular. Which is the correct view ?

My own view is that more research is required.

On the one hand there is evidence to show that in Aurangzeb's time grants were given to several Hindu temples, e.g. Mahakal temple at Ujjain, the Chitrakoot temple, etc.( see online 'History in the Service of Imperialism', which is a speech given in the Rajya Sabha by Dr. B.N. Pandey, former Professor of History of Allahabad University and Governor of Orissa ). Details of the grants to Hindu temples in Aurangzeb'e reign can be seen there. Many of Aurangzeb's army commander's e.g. Raja Jai Singh were Hindus.

I had been to Bikaner a few years back. A part of the Maharaja's palace has been converted into a museum. I went to that museum and saw there a letter by Aurangzeb to the new Maharaja of Bikaner, who was a young man whose father (the previous Maharaja) had just died. Aurangzeb writes to the young Maharaja consoling him, and said that he could understand the loss of one's father. He concludes the letter saying that the young Maharaja should regard Aurangzeb as his own father, and if he needed anything he had only to inform Aurangzeb.

Now the point is that if Aurangzeb hated all Hindus would he have written such a letter ?

On the other hand, the fact cannot be denied that Aurangzeb reimposed jeziya on Hindus, a tax which his great grandfather Akbar had revoked. When I mentioned this to the Allahabad University Professors ( with whom I discussed Aurangzeb) they said that Aurangzeb needed money for his wars. Now if Aurangzeb needed money for his wars he should have imposed a tax on everyone, why only Hindus ?

The charge against Aurangzeb is that he demolished several Hindu temples e.g. the original Kashi Vishwanath temple, which is now the Gyanvapi mosque, standing next to the present temple built in the 18th Century by Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar. In fact the rear wall of the Gyanvapi mosque has Hindu carvings, which are clearly discernible.

Which is therefore the true Aurangzeb ?

My own view is that he was somewhere in between, but more research is required. While he was a very honest man earning his living by making caps, he also had some bigotry in him, which was a departure from the policy of his forefathers, and because of this bigotry he antagonized many Rajputs,  Marathas, Sikhs, etc which hastened the demise of the Mughal Empire.

. After his death in 1707 within a few years the Mughal Empire's size was reduced to Delhi and its suburbs only ( ' Saltanat-e-Shah Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam').

Though Aurangzeb was a totally honest man ( he earned his living by making caps), he seemed to lack the great quality which Akbar had, of accomodating everyone and pursuing a tolerant and flexible, instead of rigid policy. Akbar realized that India is a country of great diversity, and so only a tolerant, flexible and accomodating policy can keep the Empire together. This realization, evidently, Aurangzeb lacked.

However , this is only my tentative opinion, and more objective research is required by experts

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

The Chinese Humpty Dumpty is having a great fall

I have always been of the view that the Chinese economy is bound to collapse, because it is totally export oriented, and the leaders care two hoots for the welfare of their owna people. While the east coast is shining, there is massive poverty in the interior of China, as many people who have gone there have told me.

 To be stable, an economy must mainly depend and be based on the domestic market. This is because dependence on  foreign markets is very precarious. The foreign market may be captured by another country, or there may be a recession in the foreign country, which causes sales there to drop, and this in turn results in closure of the domestic industries.

 The Chinese leaders had forgotten the welfare of their own people, and like Uncle Scrooge or Shylock were only interested in making dollars by exports of their products. Most of these leaders have become corrupt, and have been transferring their ill gotten gains abroad, usually by buying real estate in Western countries.
 But now the chickens have come home to roost.

Monday, 24 August 2015

दिल्ली रोई, यू पी रोया, रोया हिंदुस्तान
Pyaaz 80 rupees a kilo, arhar dal above 100 rupees a kilo, vegetable prices sky high,  sensex dives 1600 points, rupee falls below 66 for a dollar.
The most ominous thing for the Govt. is that housewives in many cities of India are demonstrating on the road against high prices of foodstuffs, like the starving women of Paris who marched to Versailles in October 1789 during the French Revolution ( see online ).
 And  Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar says B.J.P or Modi.had never said achche din are coming
 Narayan Narayan

Sunday, 23 August 2015

Looting of onions has begun

This reminds one of the situation in Paris before the French Revolution of 1789 
Hunger haunted the city, and bread shortages constantly loomed over the population. Thieves often stole grain shipped into the city before it even arrived, and in the early summer of 1789, bread riots broke out.

Because the thousands of workers' salaries could not possibly keep pace with soaring prices, workers began wrecking factories and burning property.

In Dickens' novel ' A Tale of Two Cities' in the very beginning there is a scene where someone is taking a cart carrying barrels of wine through a street in Paris. One of the barrels falls down and breaks, spilling red wine on the street. A crowd of hungry people rush to this spot and with their hands start scooping up wine from the street into their mouths. One man dips his hands into the red wine and writes on the nearby wall ''BLOOD'. This is symbolic of the times to come where blood will flow on guillotine.

Are such times coming in India, with 80% of our people living in horrible poverty, with massive unemployment, price rise, total lack of healthcare, massive malnourishment, farmers suicides and huge corruption ? How long will the people tolerate our politicians most of whom are rogues and rascals who have shamelessly looted the country ?
Is a French Revolution coming in India?

The Indo-Pak talks are off.

 Had it been for me I would have said we can talk everything but will also discuss  the question whether Pakistan is a fake, artificial country created by the British on the basis of the bogus two nation theory to keep Hindus and Muslims fighting each other. Talks can be between two countries, but in fact there is only one country, India, of which Pakistan was always a part since Mughal times till the wicked Partition of 1947. Those who talk of improving relations between India and Pakistan are living in a fools paradise. Pakistan was created as a theocratic state so that Hindus&Muslims keep fighting, and there will never be peace until we reunite under a secular government.

Saturday, 22 August 2015

India-Pakistan: #NSATalks

India should agree to discuss Kashmir with Pakistan provided the discussion includes the question whether Pakistan is a fake, artificial country created by the British on the basis of the bogus 2 nation theory, and should be reunited with India under a secular govt.

Since Pakistan insists that the talks should not be restricted to terrorism, but should include Kashmir, we should also say that they should also not be restricted, but should include the question whether Pakistan should continue to exist, or should be reunited with India.

Thursday, 20 August 2015

Judicial Overreach

This is clearly a case of judicial overreach. Where is the law which requires government servants to send their children to government schools ? It is in violation of the Supreme Court judgment in Divisional Manager, Aravali Golf Course vs. Chander Haas ( see online ) which says that Judges must not ordinarily encroach into the domain of the legislature or executive. Legislation is the task of the legislature. Here the Judge has legislated, and also sought to enforce his legislation

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

Dark days are ahead for the Indian judiciary

In Afzal Guru's case the Supreme Court said: “The collective conscience of the society will be satisfied only if the death penalty is awarded to Afzal Guru.”.

 Is this a legitimate consideration for the Court ? Should a court of law pander to its assumed notion of “collective conscience” rather than follow legal principles ?.

 Yakub Memon's case was incorrectly decided by the Supreme Court on the basis of very weak evidence ( retracted 'confession' of co-accused and so called 'recoveries' ), probably because the Court wanted to send a message that it is ' tough on terror '.

 I am afraid that if judgments are given on such populist and extraneous considerations instead of by strictly following the law dark days are ahead for the Indian judiciary, and the Judges are inviting trouble for themselves. No amount of security can protect them, even if they turn the Court premises into a fortress, as has been done by the Supreme Court